The Ministry of Education (minedu) is still working on the bill that will promote free entry to public universities gradually.
According to Minedu’s president, Rosendo Serna, only half of the public universities are in a position to receive more students. There are currently 47 state-licensed homeschools.
Although it is presented as a proposal that would allow more young people to study for a university job, specialists warn of a further deterioration in the quality of education, as well as rapid dropout by students.
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The principal professor at the National University of San Marcos (UNMSM), Marcel Gonzalez Castro, suggests some initiatives that should be promoted rather than guaranteeing free admission to public universities.
“On the other hand, we must reduce inequality and expand access to the university system, but not through popular anti-technological measures, but through public policies that promote free and interconnected quality,” he told Gestion.pe.
Along these lines, he points out, the main thing is to strengthen a national system of higher technological education “and prove to society that this is an option with very good socio-economic outcomes for the majority of young people.
“It is necessary to open a discussion about the possibility of having branches of UNI, UNALM, UNMSM and UNSA in regions where there is no university offer, but while maintaining the same levels of demand and quality as in their headquarters,” said Velazquez Castro. .
Another option, he states, is a national focused scholarship program with permanent monitoring that takes into account geographic, gender and class criteria.
In this way, all talented young people from the most vulnerable social sectors will have the option of a university education. Beca 18 should be rethought in light of its findings, which did not promote a higher quality display than public or private offerings.”
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Likewise, it is proposed to enhance the public education offer by shocking the state’s investment in the better national performing public universities.
Adding to these initiatives is making training in technical institutes more visible, said Gonzalo Ruiz Diaz, partner at Macroconsult.
“Look, what are the requirements of the industrial sectors, what kind of profiles are they looking for? That is, to provide relevant information to potential workers in such a way that we can avoid oversupply in some market segments, such as engineers and administrators, who end up devoting themselves to something else,” he said.
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In line with the principal professor at UNMSM, Ruiz Díaz asserts that the wrong message is being sent, “that if you don’t study at a university you won’t get a job (…) Profiles are required you don’t need an internship university.”
This information about job demand, he concluded, should be in the hands of the Ministry of Labor in coordination with the Ministry of Education to guide training decisions made by young people upon completion of school.
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