Last Wednesday, the National Assembly Education Committee prepared the report of the first debate on reform to Basic Law of Higher Education (that it). Of the 115 pages, he does not think to abolish the National Secretariat for Higher Education, Science and Technology (Cineskate).
The document brings together the nine project proposals made in the previous government and six from the current mandate, among them the president, William Lasso. However, in none of the articles is it suggested to suppress Senescyt.
This topic returned to the discussion on March 23, when – due to problems on the platform – conversion test To accept high school graduates in universities. 327,000 students have registered.
This prompted the president to insist again that he would “keep his word” to close that institution with a reform decree.
Earlier, when he won the election, he said that he was also motivated by this decision because number of graduates They are forced to pursue a career different from the one they had in mind.
to Paul Cardosothe former Secretary of Scholarships at Senescyt, the problem occurs because in Ecuador 200,000 young people graduate each year and There are only 118000 seats It is awarded by more than 60 public and co-funded universities.
Admission to the university does not happen by canceling the entrance exam and this body, but with it Provide more resources Universities should increase quotas in the face of population growth, Cardoso says.
to me Paul Herrera, Vice President of the Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (Espol), between 2008 and 2018, the country did not improve its overall university enrollment rate. This measures the percentage of school-age youth (18-24 years old) who do so. In 2008 it was 26.9% and in 2018 it was 26.45%. “Some universities have grown, but the population is growing faster.”
According to Herrera, in Latin America in the same period the rate increased from 23% to 52%, and in developed countries it exceeded 70%.
Senescyt is a governmental entity established in 2010 that exercises oversight of the public policy of universities, polytechnics, and institutes in the country. Coordination of actions between the executive function and higher education institutions to ensure that free higher education meets standards of quality, inclusion, relevance and democracy. In addition, it identifies and approves professions and programs of public interest, and encourages research and innovation.
It sets quotas for high school graduates seeking admission to higher education under a system that prioritizes merit, free choice, and academic offer for higher education centers. Applicants undergo a transfer test, which assesses cognitive abilities. The stake is set taking into account the highest score for each race. For mayors, this system is discriminatory, as it puts students from rural areas, who have multiple academic shortcomings, at a disadvantage.
Access to scholarships
It encourages the training of human talents through scholarships or credits to study in Ecuador or other countries. Between 2010 and 2020, 32,894 scholarships were awarded to college students, 4,074 of them pooled at universities or through research. For Pablo Cardoso, the former scholarship agent, because of these scholarships, the universities were filled with masters and doctoral students. But four years ago there was a drop and no calls. This contributes and helps in developing the productive sectors in the country.
Nicknames and innovation
It finances scientific research and technological development projects for higher education centers. With this, the talent of young people is enhanced, but calls are also suspended due to lack of financial resources, the deans say. Senescyt also registers and has a database of national titles and those awarded by top centers in other countries. 10 years ago this did not exist which is why fake nicknames were identified, the deans recall.